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Preprint Number 389
389. Nathan Bowler, Cong Chen, Jakub Gismatullin Model theoretic connected components of finitely generated nilpotent groups E-mail: Submission date: 14 December 2011. Abstract: We prove that for a finitely generated infinite nilpotent group G with a first order structure (G,*,...), the connected component G*0 of a sufficiently saturated extension G* of G exists and equals \bigcap_{n\in\N} {g^n : g\in G^*}. We construct a first order expansion of Z by a predicate (Z,+,P) such that the type-connected component Z*00_{\emptyset} is strictly smaller than Z*0. We generalize this to finitely generated virtually solvable groups. As a corollary of our construction we obtain an optimality result for the van der Waerden theorem. Mathematics Subject Classification: 03C60, 20F16, 05E15, 20A15 Keywords and phrases: |

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